These resources cover the basics of fluency, how to measure student success, and ways to improve each student's fluency skills.
- Grades: PreK–K, 1–2, 3–5, 6–8, 9–12
The FDL employs short reading passages (poems, story segments, or other texts) that students read and reread over a short period of time. The format for the
What Is Fluency?
Background information on fluency, and an explanation of why the metric is so very important to measure.
What is fluency? HINT, it's not just a score on the DIEBELS! Literacy expert and best-selling author Tim Rasinski answers this question and explains the importance of fluency and its role as the bridge between phonics and comprehension.
Answers to the four most common questions about reading fluency: 1) what is it?; 2) why do so many struggling readers have great difficulty in becoming fluent readers?; 3) how can we predict who is going to have trouble becoming a fluent reader?; 4) what contributes to making a fluent reader?
from Wanda Glasshoff, a third-grade teacher at Gretna Elementary School in Gretna, Nebraska:Glasshoff promotes fluency through performance acti
Put theory to practice with these instructional sample resources on fluency.
A brief look at a history of research on reading fluency reveals how complicated and how important it is for reading's development in the child.
Activities and Printables
Learn how to perform assessments and use the results efficiently to guide your instruction.
Tips for administering an Oral Fluency Assessment, an accurate and easy way to predict comprehension ability, determine reading fluency, and establish whether students need to be further assessed for decoding.
Use the Oral Fluency Assessment Calculator when you administer tests with your students. Oral Fluency Assessment is an accurate and easy way to predict comprehension ability, determine reading fluency, and establish whether students need to be further assessed for decoding.
4. Reads primarily in larger, meaningful phrase groups. Although some regressions, repetitions, and deviations from the text may be present, these do not app
Teacher Tips for Building Fluency
Modeling, repetition, reader's theater, and other methods for teaching students to read aloud expressively and with understanding
Your students have taken the DIBELS reading fluency test, so now what? Here are ideas to help their reading fluency and confidence grow.
If you missed out on watching Tim Rasinski's webcast on fluency this month, I strongly urge you to go back and watch the replay and visit the new Fluency page for strategies and teaching ideas that will get your students on the road to a deeper understanding of the stories they read with smooth and expressive reading.
Download printable resources as well as a new bookmark I created to help keep your students from sounding like robots! We'll build comprehension and teach our students to become fluent readers while we have some fun.
Reading Aloud in the Classroom
For many students, reading out loud is a nerve-racking experience. Whenever I ask my kids to share what they fear the most about class, presentations and reading out loud always rank among the worst. Here are the two reading strategies I utilize frequently.
Meaningful read alouds help develop students' love of reading and books. Timothy V. Rasinski breaks down three key elements of successful read alouds: timing, atmosphere, and selecting the best books.
Learn how to model during the read aloud and motivate readers from fluency expert Timothy V. Rasinski in this except from The Fluent Reader.
Expert Joe Worthy shares guidelines for organizing a Reader's Theater as well as how to introduce it to students.
Use Poems to Increase Reading Fluency
Engage struggling readers with these poetry-based lessons designed to supplement core reading or small-group instruction.
Teacher tips for using poetry to increase fluency, get students' attention, and inspire young writers.